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David and Goliath - The Conflict Goes On!

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David and Goliath - The Conflict Goes On!

[As always the land of Egypt provides important answers to questions around the world.]

The Bible tells us that Goliath was a Philistine (which is the same as Palestinian). But when did these Philistines settle and establish themselves in Canaan? The archaeological evidence indicates that the Philistines became an established community only after the reign of Ramses III (c. 1182-1151 BCE), as per:

a. The wall reliefs in Medinet Habu’s temple in western Luxor (Thebes), which depict the mass invasion by the Peoples of the Sea of the coastal plain of Canaan, around 1174 BCE, which coincided with the Greek war against Troy. The wall inscriptions also indicate that the Peoples of the Sea consisted of fighters as well as refugees with their whole families. They were a combination of Peleset (which are Palestinians/Philistines—the word Palestine came from Peleset), Tjekker, Sheklesh, Danu and Weshesh. Ramses III defeated the invaders in a naval battle, but allowed the family refugees to settle in southwest Canaan.

b. The Egyptian papyrus known as the Harris Papyrus, now located in the British Museum, states that Ramses III built a temple for Amen/Amon in Canaan after he defeated the invaders.

After the reign of Ramses III, Egypt lost its influence over Palestine, and the Philistines established themselves in the coastal plains of Canaan. Then they started expanding towards the Dead Sea and the River Jordan. It was at the same time that the Hebrews were trying to establish themselves in the area. As a result, both Philistines and Hebrews began fighting over the same piece of land.

[An excerpt from The ancient Egyptian roots of Christianity by Moustafa Gadalla]