The Learned Ancient Egyptians
Most modern Western scholars affirm, explicitly and implicitly, that the Ancient Egyptian alphabet (and language) is the oldest source in the world. You can begin to explore this subject with our article.
In the animated world of Ancient Egypt, numbers did not simply designate quantities but instead were considered to be concrete definitions of energetic formative principles of nature. The Egyptians called these energetic principles neteru (gods, goddesses). Learn some background on this subject from our article.
One example of advanced learning in ancient Egypt is the use of astronomy to help regulate human activities. Ancient Greeks and even Johannes Kepler ascribed the underpinnings of their astronomical advances to beginnings in ancient Egypt. You can find out more in our article, which is part of a book on the subject of ancient Egyptian cosmology.