Praacheen Misr / Eesaee Pavitr Parivaar

Praacheen Misri/Eisaayi Pavitr Parivaar

 

Isis aur Osiris ki roopak kathaa vyaavahaarik roop se jeevan ke sabhi pahaluon ki vyaakhyaa karti hai. Yeh prem kahaanee, vishvaasaghaat aur nishṭhaa, mrityu aur punarjanm, bhoolane aur yaad aane, paap aur puṇay, kartavy aur karuṇaa, prakriti ki shaktiyon ki abhivyakti, bahanadharm aur bhraatridharm tathaa maatritv/pitritva /putradharm ke arth ke saath-saath shareer, praaṇa aur aatmaa ke rahasyon ko ujaagar karti hai.

Isis aur Osiris ke Misri roopak ko neeche sankshep meindiyaa gayaa hai, taaki Eisaayi dharm ke Misri srot ko ujaagar kiyaa jaa sake. Yeh aakhyaan praacheen Misr ke mandiron, makabaron aur papaayari se sankalit kiyaa gayaa hai, jo Eisaayi dharm se 3,000 varsh se adhik puraanaa hai, aur nimnaanusaar hai:

sv-nirmit atam/atum ne judavaa Shu aur Tefnut ko janm diyaa, jinhonne badale meinnoot (aakaash/aatmaa) aur Geb (dharatee/padaarth) ko janm diyaa. (brahmaanḍa aur insaan ke srijan ke baare meinaur adhik jaanakaari baad ke adhyaay mein.)

Nut (aatmaa) aur Geb (padaarth) ke milan se chaar santaanen utpann huin: Osiris, Isis, Set aur Nepthys.

Bible ke Eisaa ki tarah, Osiris Paramaatmaa kaa nashvar prateek hai—jisameinaatmaa (Nut) aur padaarth (Geb) donon kaa sanyojan hai.

Praacheen Misri maanyataaon ke anusaar, Osiris Achchhaayi aur Sachchaayi ke Udghoshak ke roop meinmaanav jaati bhalaayi ke liye dharati par aayaa, ṭheek isi tarah, Bible ke Yeeshu bhi aaye. Misr kaa roopak ke anusaar Osiris ne Isis se aur Set ne nepthis se shaadi kee. Isis se shaadi karne ke baad Osiris dharati (Misr) kaa raajaa ban gayaa.

Osiris ne logon ko sabhyataa aur aadhyaatmikataa dee, jisase unhein samriddhi haasil karne meinmadad milee. Usne unhein apne vivaadon ko nyaayapoorṇa ḍhng se sulajhaane aur apne aacharaṇa ko durust karne ke liye kaanoon diyaa, aur unhein aadhyaatmik unnati kaa vigyaan sikhaayaa.

Misr ke sabhy hone ke baad, Usne in nirdeshon kaa prasaar karne ke liye duniyaa bhar ki yaatraa kee. Osiris jahaan bhi gayaa vahaan ke logon ko shaanti aur seekh dekar aayaa.

Do prachaarakon (Osiris aur Yeeshu) ke beech, jabardast samaanataayen hain. Ishvar kaa putr swarg se aataa hai. Bhagavaan duniyaa kaa maargadarshan karne ke liye dharati par aaye. Donon ne vichaaron kaa prachaar karne ke liye yaatraa ki thee.

Osiris ne, baazuon ki taaqat ke bajaaye, apne prerak vyaakhyaanon, aadhyaatmik bhajanon aur sangeet ke madad se logon ko apni shikshaaon ko sveekaar karne ke liye prerit kiyaa. Sicily ke Diodorus, ne apni Pustak 1 (18, 4) meinlikhaa hai:

Osiris hnsee-mazaak, sangeet aur nritya ke shaukeen thaa;

Ṭheek isi tarah, Bible ke Yeeshu bhi prerak the aur madhya yug ke Christmas geet meinvo nritya ke Maseehaa ke roop meinpratishṭhit the.

Jab Osiris apne mishan se lauṭaa, to use ek shaahi daavat di gayi, jahaan uske saath Set—dushṭ vyakti—aur uske saathiyon ne chhal kiyaa aur use ek taaboot ke aandar liṭaa diyaa. Dushṭ samooh ne sandook ko furti se band kar diyaa aur use seel kar Neel Nadi meinfenk diyaa. Osiris ke nirjeev shareer vaalaa taaboot Bhoomadhya Saagar meinbah gayaa aur Set nayaa firaun ban gayaa.

Yeeshu aur Osiris donon ko unke mehamaanon (Judas+ dvaaraa Yeeshu, aur Set dvaaraa Osiris) dvaaraa unke niji bhoj meindhokhaa diyaa gayaa. Bible ke Yeeshu ki aayu us samay anumaanatah 23 varsh thi aur Osiris ki aayu 28 varsh thee— yaani donon yuvaa the.

Is beech, Isis ko Osiris ke saath hui ghaṭanaa aur uske laapataa hone ki khabar milee, aur vah shok meinḍaoob gayi aur fir Usne kasam khaayi ki jab tak vah sachchaayi ke udghoshak—Osiris— ko vaapas paa naheen leti tab tak chain se naheen baiṭhegee.

Isis ne use har jagah khojatee, sabase poochhatee, Yehaan tak ki bachchon se bhi poochhatee, kyonki Yeh kahaa jaataa thaa ki bachchon meinaṭakal lagaane ki shakti hoti hai.

Nayaa niyam meinBible ke Yeeshu ne sveekaar kiyaa hai ki bachchon meinanumaan lagaane ki shakti hoti hai.

Kahaani Yeh hai ki apni taalaash ke dauraan ek din, Isis ek gareeb mahilaa ke ghar aashray maangati hai.

Yeh biandu Misri shikshaaon ki sarvochch visheshataa ko darshaataa hai jahaan logon ko sikhaayaa jaataa thaa ki ve khud ko doosaron se oonchaa na samajhen, balki khud ko sabase gareeb, sabase kamatar, aur sansaar kaa sabase vinamr insaan maanen. Yeh baat sabhi par laagoo hoti hai—raani Isis par bhee.

Yeeshu aur unke parivaar ke liye vinamrataa ke bol kahate samay, Eisaayiyat is baat se chook gayaa ki taaqatavar ko vinamr bananaa seekhanaa chaahiye.

Maseeh raajaa dvaaraa khachchar par baiṭhanaa vinamrataa kaa prateek hai — Yehaan khachchar ahnkaar aur jhooṭhe garv kaa pratinidhitva kartaa hai. Vaastav meinYeh ek praacheen Misri prateek hai.

Kahaani aage baḍhati hai aur Osiris kaa taaboot laharon par bahate huve ek videshi taṭ par pahunch jaataa hai. Uske irdagird ek ped ug jaataa hai, jo Osiris ke shareer ko apne tane meinsameṭ letaa hai. Ped vishaal, suandar aur sugandhit ho jaataa hai. (neeche diye gaye praacheen Misri mandir kaa chitr dekhein.)

Is shaanadaar ped ki soochanaa us videshi dharati ke raajaa kaa milati hai, jo aadesh detaa hai ki ped ko kaaṭ diyaa jaaye, aur uske tane ko uske paas le aayaa jaaye. Vah us tane ko apne ghar kaa ek khmbhaa banaa letaa hai, bagair us mahaan rahasy jaane jo uske bheetar chhupaa thaa.

Yeh jeevan vriksh aur us jaise anya sabhi ki or sanket kartaa hai. Yeh Osiris ke stambh, Tet (Djed) se bhi sambandhit hai.

Eisaayi dharm mein, Yeh Christmas kaa ped ban gayaa.

Isis sapne meindekhati hai ki Osiris kaa shareer is videshi bhoomi meinhai. Vah turant vahaan ke liye nikal padati hai. Jab vah vahaan pahunchati to behad maamooli kapade pahan leti hai aur raani ke naukaraaniyon ke saath dosti karti hai aur mahal meinnanhen raajakumaar ki daayi ke roop meinnaukari paane meinsafal ho jaati hai.

Misr ki raanee, Isis apne prem—devataa—ko paane ke liye, Misri shikshaaon par amal karti hai jo binaa kisi bhedabhaav ke doosaron ki sevaa dvaaraa vinamrataa praapt karne par jor deti hai.

Baad mein, Isis raani se apni pahachaan zaahir karti hai aur apne aane kaa uddeshy bataati hai. Iske baad Isis us baadashaah se khmbhe ko maangati hai. Raajaa uske anurodh ko sveekaar kar letaa hai aur vah tane ko kaaṭ deti hai aur us sandook ko baahar nikaal leti hai. Osiris kaa nirjeev shareer sandook meinliye Isis vaapas Misr lauṭ aati hai. Vah uske shareer ko Neel Nadi ke ḍaelṭaa ke daladalon meinchhipaa deti hai. Isis khud ko kabootar meinbadalane ke liye (Pyramid lekh sankhyaa 632, 1636 aur Abydos aur Philae ke bhittichitron ke anusaar) apni jaadui shaktiyon kaa prayog karti hai. Is prakaar Osiris se uskaa ark grahaṇa karake, Isis bachche—Horus ko apne garbh meinpraapt kar leti hai. Dusre shabdon mein, Isis ko Osiris ke Pavitr Aatmaa ne garbhavati kiyaa thaa. (Neeche diye gaye praacheen Misri mandir kaa chitr dekhein.)

Yeh kriyaa punarjanm aur aadhyaatmik avataraṇa kaa prateek hai—jo mrityu ke baad jeevan ke baare meinMisri aasthaa ko samajhane ki kunjee.

Praacheen Misri mandir ke is chitr meinIsis ko darshaayaa gayaa hai, Jabki baayin or udate huve kabootar ke roop meinuskaa jaadui ark garbh dhaaraṇa karne ke liye Osiris kaa ark grahaṇa kar rahaa hai. Baayin or, prajanan shakti ki prateek, meinḍhak ke sir vaali netert (devi), heket, garbhaadhaaraṇa aur santaanotpatti kaa pratinidhitva kar rahi hai.

Isis dvaaraa binaa kisi purush sansarg ke Horus ko garbh meindhaaraṇa karanaa amalodbhav kaa sabase puraanaa likhit udaaharaṇa hai. Horus ke alaukik garbhaadhaaraṇa aur pavitr janm ko Eisaayi dharm meinapna liyaa gayaa.

Misr ki dntakathaa meinIsis ki bhoomikaa aur Virgin Mary ki kahaani meinashcharyajanak samaanataa hai, kyonki donon hi purush sansarg ke binaa garbh dhaaraṇa karne meinsaksham theen, aur Isis ko Kunvaari Maan ke roop meinpoojaa jaataa thaa.

— pavitr (kunvaari) garbhaadhaaraṇa/janm ki praacheen Misri avadhaaraṇaa ke baare meinaur adhik jaanakaari is pustak meinpehle hi di jaa chuki hai.

— praacheen Misri sanskriti meinkaumaary ke aadarsh ke baare meinaur adhik jaanakaari is pustak meinpehle hi di jaa chuki hai.

Jab Set ne navajaat Horus ke baare meinsunaa, to vah navajaat shishu ko maarane gayaa. Yeh sunkar ki Seth aa rahaa hai, Isis ko shishu Horus ko lekar Neel Nadi ke ḍaelṭaa ke daladalon meinek nirjan sthaan par chale jaane ko kahaa gayaa. (neeche diye gaye praacheen Misri mandir kaa chitr dekhein.)

Yeh us kahaani kaa srot hai, jisameinHerodes Bible ke Yeeshu ke janm ke baare meinsunkar sabhi navajaat bachchon ko maar ḍaalane kaa aadesh detaa hai. Naye Niyam meinIshvar ke doot ne Yusuf se kahaa, “Uṭho aur bachche aur Uski maan ko le jaayo aur Misr bhaag jaayo.”

Isis ki tarah hee, Kunvaari Mariyam bhi “Daladalon ki raanee” ke roop meinpratishṭhit hain.

Horus ke janmotsav kaa praacheen Misri tyohaar, 25 December ko aayojit kiyaa jaataa thaa, aur Yeh bilkul Eisaayiyon ke Christmas ke tyohaar jaisaa thaa. Is utsav ko bachche ke paalane vaalaa din kahaa jaataa thaa, aur Dendera mandir praangaṇa aur praarthaanaalay meinaayojit kiyaa jaataa thaa. (aage ke adhyaay meinaur vistaar se paḍhen.)

Kahaani aage baḍhati hai, aur fir poorṇaimaa ki ek raat (jab Isis bhoomigat hokar Horus ko janm de rahi thee), dushṭ Set aur uske saathiyon ko vah sandook miltaa hai jisameinOsiris kaa bejaan shareer padaa thaa, uske baad ve use chaudah ṭukadon meinkaaṭ ḍaalate hain, (chaudah ki sankhyaa chandramaa ko poorṇa chandr yaani chaudaveen kaa chaand banane ke liye aavashyak dinon ki sankhyaa kaa prateek hai). Osiris brahmaanḍa meinchandr tatva kaa pratinidhitva kartaa hai aur ise chandr Osiris ke naam se jaanaa jaataa hai.

Jab Isis ne sunaa ki Set aur uske saathiyon ne Osiris ko alag-alag ṭukadon meinkaaṭ kar samooche desh meinbikher diyaa, to fir un ṭukadon ko vaapas ikaṭṭhaa karanaa aur unhein vaapas aapas meinjodanaa hi uskaa kaam thaa.

1-Dharm ke liye istemaal kiye jaane vaale Angrezi shabd religion kaa mool shabd Latin kaa “religio” hai jiskaa arth hotaa hai ek saath kasanaa yaa baandhanaa.

2- Isis aur Osiris ki kahaani ke fir se ikaṭṭhaa karne aur jodane (smaraṇa karne), meinham ek aisi kahaani seekhate hain jise Joseph Campbell ne apne shabdon meinvyakt karate huve kahaa hai,

“Brahmaanḍa ke drishy roopon meindevatva ki bhaavanaa.”

Jaise hi Horus javaan huaa, vaise hi Usne Set ko sinhaasan ke adhikaar ke liye chunauti dee, is ghaṭanaa ko jangalon kaa mahaayuddh/mahaasngraam kahaa jaataa thaa.

Isis ne, in sabhi anya logon ki sahaayataa se, shareer ke sabhi angon meinse shishn (shaareerik prajanan kaa prateek) ko chhodakar baaki sabhi ṭukadon ko ikaṭṭhaa kar liyaa, kyonki shishn ko Neel Nadi ki ek machhali ne nigal liyaa thaa. Usne fir doosaron ki madad se Osiris ke khnḍait shareer ko punah jodaa aur use linen ki paṭṭiyon meinlapeṭ kar use mameekrit kar diyaa.

Thoth, Isis aur Horus ne Mummy ke Munh ko Kholane Kaa Rasm adaa kiyaa, aur Osiris nyaayadheesh aur (bhootakaal) mritakon ke raajaa ke roop meinji uṭhaa, Jabki (vartamaan) jeevit logon ke raajaa ke roop meinab Horus ko jagah leni thee. Set Beehadon kaa Swaami banaa rahaa.

Yeh dharati par aadhyaatmik shakti ke chirasthaayi chakra kaa pratinidhitva kartaa hai: mahaaraaj (Osiris) naheen rahe; mahaaraaj (Horus) ziandaabaad.

Osiris ko, aamataur par ek aadarsh charavaahe ke roop mein, charavaahe ki chhadi (insaanon kaa charavaahaa hone ke naate) aur anaaj peeṭane vaale saanṭ (jo bhoose se gehoon ko alag karne ki kshamataa kaa prateek hai) liye huve daaḍhi vaale mameekrit maanav shareer ke roop meindarshaayaa jaataa hai.

Charavaahe kaa namoonaa 23ven bhajan sanhitaa meinmiltaa hai, “Tere sonṭe aur teri laaṭhi se mujhe shaanti milati hai”.

Kayi maayanon mein, Yeeshu ke punarjeevan kaa vivaraṇa Osiris se miltaa-julataa hai. Osiris ki tarah hee, unke baare meinbhi kahaa jaataa hai ki vah marne ke baad dobaaraa ziandaa ho gaye. Praacheen Misravaasi bhi vahi maanate the, jaisaa shuruaati Eisaayi kahaa karate the (Ibraaniyon, 4:14), ki kisi sudoor sthit Sarvashaktimaan sattaa dvaaraa, “Manushy ki rakshaa naheen ki jaa sakati hai” balki Yeh to keval vahi kar sakataa hai jisane maanav maatr ke dukh aur mrityu ke anubhav ko saajhaa kiyaa hai.

— Osiris aur Yeeshu donon ne hi peedaa jheli aur mar gaye.

— Osiris aur Yeeshu donon hi apni mrityu ke baad jald hi punarjeevit ho gaye. Saansaarik roop meinfir se aane ke baad, unhonne uchit aacharaṇa aur uske any-saansaarik puraskaaron ki pushṭi kee, uske baad ve “Duniyaa ko bachaane” ke liye swarg lauṭ gaye.

— Ve donon un nar-naariyon ko bachaane vaale bane jinmein amaratv ki chaah jag chuki thee.

Yeeshu ki mrityu aur punarjeevan ke vishay par aadhaarit madhyayugeen dharmaaveshi naaṭakon aur Misri samraaṭ Osiris ke mrityu aur punarjeevan meinkaafi saamy hai.

Ant mein, Al-Asar yaa Lazarus ke mar kar ji uṭhane ki Bible ki kahaani meinpraacheen Misri naam/vichaar Osiris ko banaaye rakhaa gayaa hai, jiskaa naam praacheen Misri zubaan mein‘Asar’ thaa. Yuhannaa ke Susamaachaar meinvarṇait chamatkaar koi aitihaasik ghaṭanaa naheen thee, balki Yeh to Ishvar ki mritakon ko fir se jeevit karne ki shakti kaa baar-baar kiyaa jaane vaalaa, atynt sanaatan, aur vyaapak upyog thaa. 

 

[isaka ek ansh:Eisaaiyat ki Praacheen Misri Jaden dvaara likhit Moustafa Gadalla]

par pustak saamagree dekhen https://egypt-tehuti.org/product/eisaaiyat-ki-praacheen-misri-jaden/

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